Wildlife Forensic Sciences and Conservation Course Descriptions
WIS 6561 Wildlife Crime Scene Processing
This course will serve as an introduction to wildlife crime scene investigations. The purpose of the course is to give the student an overview of procedures and protocols that can be used when processing a wildlife crime scene and will discuss in detail various types of evidence. Students will gain an understanding of forensic science and its disciplines and will know how to properly document and process a crime scene where wildlife may be the victim or possibly the perpetrator. Students will learn about evidence recognition and handling as well as record keeping to prevent undocumented scene details or lost or damaged evidence. Topics will also include various methods to properly conduct a search of the scene and record information, as well as tricks and techniques for equipment improvisation when in the field. Students will also become familiar with various presumptive test methods that can be utilized at the scene to identify items of evidence, and will have gained a background in basic species morphology.
WIS 6559 Contemporary Issues in Wildlife Protection and Conservation
This course is an introduction to wildlife conservation and ecology issues that may impact investigation of wildlife crime. At the successful completion of this course, students will have an understanding of wildlife ecology, biodiversity, current environmental and wildlife concerns such as habitat destruction, invasive species and climate change, and topics related to population ecology, restoration ecology and ecological succession. The student will have also learned some of the various considerations in wildlife management and population assessments, in addition to how to evaluate animal populations for decreases, altered structure, or changing adaptations. The student will be familiar with the current trends in wildlife and biodiversity threats, including poaching, illegal trade, and environmental disasters, as well as some investigative tools such as soil and isotopic analysis, chemical fingerprinting, microscopy, and new and novel environmental forensic techniques that can be used to combat these issues.
WIS 6557 Wildlife Conservation Laws and Legislation
Students completing this course will have a better understanding of the legal considerations surrounding the environment and wildlife issues in general. Students will have learned the history and current role of the laws and policies applicable to national and international wildlife and environmental conservation and will have become familiar with the organizations, acts and treaties tasked with developing and enforcing the law. They will also have an understanding of related cultural and societal concerns and contemporary conservation issues. The semester will be divided into U.S.-based (domestic) wildlife law and international (global) wildlife and environmental law. Learning objectives will be accomplished through a combination of lecture material, readings, writing assignments, and online active discussions. Case studies will be used to supplement the lessons.
WIS 5562 Conservation Medicine (elective)
The discipline of conservation medicine results from a long evolution of trans-disciplinary thinking, merged from the health and ecological sciences. This course will examine the links between climate, habitat and land use, emergence and re-emergence of infectious disease, parasites, and environmental contaminants, and the maintenance of biodiversity as an indicator of the ecohealth of a community. The course will describe conservation medicine in a historical context, and includes case studies and applied techniques. Conservation medicine stresses the importance of recognizing that human health, animal health, and ecosystem health are inextricably interdependent.
Wildlife forensics is an emerging discipline within the field of conservation medicine. This course will discuss conservation with wildlife forensic science in mind, from the perspective of the transdisciplinary approach. Forensics, as it relates to issues of wildlife crime, the illegal wildlife trade, and the consumption and trade of bushmeat; ecotoxicology as it relates to forensics and the use of plants to harm humans, livestock, or wildlife; applied techniques in conservation as it relates to the forensic sciences will all be discussed. Throughout the course, current topics in wildlife forensics will be covered through the presentation of case studies, examples in the field, and relevant media.
VME 6053 Skeletal Trauma Analysis in Animals
This course provides an introduction to skeletal trauma in non-human remains. In the course of this class, we will cover blunt force, sharp force, projectile, and fighting trauma including the mechanisms of injury. Also covered will be skeletal evidence of other types of abuse including starvation, infection, or neglect. Skeletal pathology will be addressed. Taphonomy will also be discussed particularly in reference to distinguishing postmortem damage from antemortem or perimortem trauma. Learning objectives will be accomplished through a combination of lecture material, readings, online active discussions and case analyses, and a final case analysis presentation.
WIS 6934 Working Dogs in Conservation and Forensic Sciences
The value of the canine nose is well-documented, and working dogs are being increasingly utilized for their olfactory skills in conservation. Dogs are used in forensic science, in the calculation of population trends of endangered species, in the eradication of invasive species in protected environments, in the identification of disease, and in the identification of infestations and chemical contaminants.
WIS 6934 Wildlife Tracks and Sign
This course is intended for ecologists, naturalists, and other parties who wish to have a deeper understanding of the behavior of terrestrial animals in terms of the habitats they frequent, what and where they feed, den and bedding locations, and other activities. In particular, it is designed for wildlife professionals who work in the field conducting animal surveys, observations, and capturing/handling wildlife or who are otherwise involved in teaching field skills.
Description: See Course Description
VME 6574 Aquatic Animal Pathology
WIS 6576 Human-Wildlife Conflict
This course introduces issues of human and wildlife conflict both in historical context & current conservation. Explore solutions, including innovative & traditional agricultural practices, hunting & tourism as potential means of off-setting the cost of wildlife damage, & policy development at the local, regional, and national or international levels.
WIS 6421 Wildlife Toxicology: The Ecohealth Perspective
This course provides a global assessment of toxicological stressors, including pesticides, environmental contaminants, and other emerging chemical threats, and reviews the impact on wildlife, through an ecohealth perspective. Outlines the physiological and pathological impacts of toxins in wildlife as it relates to the investigative process for wildlife forensics.
WIS 6553 Wildlife Forensic Pathology
Examine the pathology and pathogenesis of infectious and non-infectious diseases, traumatic injury, and poisoning that are a feature of wildlife forensic cases. Recognition of aspects of gross and histopathological pathology and correlate changes with clinical pathology and other data. Understand infectious agents and involvement in the production of pathological lesions.
WIS 6425 Carrion Ecology & Evolution
Carrion Ecology and Evolution includes a range of organisms including molecular, bacterial, fungal, invertebrate, and vertebrate communities. Intra & interspecific interactions related to population biology, community ecology, & processes that manifest into habitats and ecosystems will be addressed. A multidisciplinary view of organisms will provide the basis for understanding decomposition.
WIS 6556 Trade in Wild Resources
This course will serve as an introduction to wildlife trade and corresponding issues, especially those surrounding The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and other legislation. At the successful completion of this course, students will have an understanding of basic wildlife trade issues and concerns, including governance and controls (both nationally and internationally), legislation, and agreements regarding major industries such as timber and fisheries, as well as regulations surrounding plants.
VME 6580 Cybercrime in Wildlife Investigations
Students completing this course will have an understanding of the various forms of cybercrime from the perspective of wildlife investigations. The course will cover not only aspects of computer forensics, mobile device technology, email and network forensics, but also the basics of electronic evidence and processing an electronic crime scene. It will also provide a comprehensive analysis of the legal principles that apply to cybercrime and electronic trade in wildlife. Students will have learned the laws and policies applicable to privacy and digital rights and the acts and statutes governing digital technology. They will also have an understanding of how online investigations help in the fight against wildlife crime. Learning objectives will be accomplished through a combination of lecture material, readings, writing assignments, and online active discussions.